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Logo 22nd ISBC & 20th ISLS


Bioluminescence diversity, ecology and applications in conservation

Unveiling the richness and ecological significance of bioluminescnt lifeforms in Brazil

Danilo T. do Amaral1, Anderson G. de Oliveira2, Simone P. Rosa3

1Universidade Federal do ABC, Brazil, 2Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Yeshiva University, 3 Universidade Federal de Itajubá (UNIFEI), Itajubá, MG, Brazil

E-mail: danilo.trabuco@ufabc.edu.br

Bioluminescence, the production of light by living organisms, stands as an enthralling phenomenon observed across a diversity of species, serving various ecological purposes. In this detailed abstract, we delve into the realm of bioluminescent life forms within Brazil, rich and varied natural habitats for most of the species. Highlighting species ranging from the fireflies and luminescent fungi to the alluring marine dinoflagellates and fish, Brazil presents an impressive (and unknown) spectrum of bioluminescent biodiversity. By examining the distribution and new discoveries based on taxonomy and molecular data, we gain insights into the evolutionary adaptations and ecological roles of these organisms. Nonetheless, challenges such as habitat degradation, climate variations, and light pollution threaten their existence. The adoption of conservation strategies, fostering of cross-disciplinary efforts, and implementation of environmentally friendly lighting solutions are vital for their protection. Future research directions should include the discovery of unique species, investigation of the environmental variables affecting bioluminescence, and the formulation of effective preservation tactics. With the support of cross-disciplinary collaboration, state-of-the-art technology, and enhanced financial backing, Brazil has the opportunity to explore the intricacies of its bioluminescent wildlife, further scientific knowledge, and safeguard these mesmerizing species for future generations.

Keywords: Bioluminescent, Biodiversity, Conservation, Ecological roles

Acknowledgments: We acknowledge the support of São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP 2022/09910-9 to D.T.A.) and Yeshiva University start-up fund to A.G.O.

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